Types Of swar
- : Shudha Swar
- Achal swar
- Komal swar
- Teevra swar
1 Aachal swar : The notes S and P are fixed On the scale
2 Vikrut swar : The other notes like R G D AND N are vikrut swar that swar can change his original place .
3 Komla swar : In vikrut swars R G D N Can be moved below ther shudda place on the scale . these are show by a small horizontal line below the note
4 Teevra swar : only M , can become vikrut by going one note above the shuddha M it is show by a small vertical line above the note.
Saptak : when the set of seven notes is played in the order it is called saptak
Maddhya saptka : The norma tone of human voice which is neither high nor low it is called maddhya saptak ( middle Octave ).
There is no symbol in Madhya saptak
Taar Saptak : The one higher then Maddhya saptak is taar saptak High The notes are high and sharp this shown by a dot above the note tow dots above the note imply a note of an octave higher then the taar saptak
Mandra saptak : The one below the maddhya saptak is called Mandra sptka lower octave . notes of this octave are sung or plyed in a low deep tone this comprise of the saptak which is below the lower sa of the maddhya saptak. Notes of this saptak are indicated by a dot below the note.
Its possible in cas of stringed instrument such a sitar to go to the octave lower then the madhara saptak. Its known as the Ati Mandra saptak the notes of this saptak are indicated by tow dots below .